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Thursday, November 19, 2020 | History

2 edition of Allelopathy in Solidago Canadensis var. Scabra found in the catalog.

Allelopathy in Solidago Canadensis var. Scabra

Marilyn A Smith

Allelopathy in Solidago Canadensis var. Scabra

effects on the growth of four tall grass prairie species

by Marilyn A Smith

  • 396 Want to read
  • 38 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Goldenrods -- Physiology,
  • Allelopathy

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Marilyn A. Smith
    The Physical Object
    Paginationiii, 47 leaves :
    Number of Pages47
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14636029M

    Allelopathy can have an adverse effect in the garden, resulting in reduced seed germination and plant growth. On the other hand, allelopathic plants may also be considered Mother Nature’s own weed killer. What is Allelopathy? Allelopathy is a biological phenomenon where one . Solidago canadensis L. is an invasive allelopathic weed in many crops and weeds; however, the mode of release of its allelochemicals are not clear. We studied 4-pathways of allelochemicals release: volatiles, leachates from stems and leaves, root exudation and decomposition of its residue. S. canadensis was used as donor and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and radish (Raphanus sativus L.) as Cited by: 2. Typical var. canadensis is readily recognized; more hairy-stemmed plants are similar to var. hargeri, which usually has fewer disc florets. In eastern Canada and northern New England, the variety can be difficult to separate from narrow-leaved forms of S. lepida .


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Allelopathy in Solidago Canadensis var. Scabra by Marilyn A Smith Download PDF EPUB FB2

Citation: SOLIDAGO CANADENSIS Linnaeus, var. SCABRA (Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. Amer. 2: Basionym: Solidago scabra Muhlenberg ex. In our study, although S.

canadensis has a number of congeners and the taxonomy within the genus Solidago remains complex (Wu et al. ), we managed to find some unique characteristics in S.

canadensis that are reliable and helped us to distinguish S. canadensis from congeners and some other similar species in the field (Patricia et al. ).Cited by: Synonyms: S. altissima L., S. canadensis ssp.

altissima (L.) Bolos & Vigo, S. canadensis var. scabra Torr. & Solidago canadensis is a highly variable species. The taxonomic status is not clear and difficult to assess.

In its native range in North America several different taxonomic subunits have been recognised within the S. canadensis. Plant Fact Sheet CANADA GOLDENROD Solidago canadensis L. Plant Symbol = SOCA6 Contributed by: NRCS Plant Materials Center, Pullman, WA lance.

Solidago canadensis. Alternate Names Canadian goldenrod, meadow goldenrod, common goldenrod, giant goldenrod, tall goldenrod, shorthair goldenrod (S.

canadensis var. gilvocanescens File Size: KB. One former taxon, S. canadensis spp. altissima, or S. canadensis var. scabra, is now treated as a separate species, S. altissima, especially in Europe (Weber, ; Weber, ).

European plants resemble ‘ S. altissima’, although the exact taxonomic identity remains obscure and its origin in Europe has been described by Scholtz () and.

Herb: Canadian Goldenrod Latin name: Solidago canadensis scabra Synonyms: Solidago altissima Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Canadian Goldenrod: The whole plant is antiseptic, haemostatic, salve and styptic. An infusion of the dried powdered herb can be used as an antiseptic.

Solidago canadensis var. lepida Canada goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. salebrosa rough Canada goldenrod Legal Status. U.S. Weed Information; Solidago canadensis. Canada goldenrod. common goldenrod. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted plant may be known by one or more common names in.

The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria.

This page was last edited on 25 Septemberat Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply.

Canadian goldenrod (Solidago canadensis var. scabra) is regarded as an environmental weed in Queensland and New South Wales, and as a minor or potential environmental weed in Victoria. Fact sheets are available from Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation (DEEDI) service centres and our Customer Service Centre (telephone.

Abstract. Three taxa of theSolidago canadensis L. complex are recognized for the Great Plains region:S. canadensis L. Torr. & Gray,S. canadensis L. anescens Rydb., andS. canadensis L. i Fern.

Confusion has resulted from the use of anescens for two different plants: a shortleaved prairie ecotype most closely related to and a short-haired form Cited by: Solidago canadensis var.

scabra: Taxonomy navigation › Solidago canadensis. Terminal (leaf) node. Common name i: Tall goldenrod: Synonym i: Solidago altissima: Rank i: VARIETAS: Lineage i ›. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy.

In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Calamagrostis canadensis is a species of grass, having three or more varieties, in the family is known variously by the common names of bluejoint, bluejoint reedgrass, marsh reedgrass, Canadian reedgrass, meadow pinegrass, and marsh : Tracheophytes.

Abstract. To investigate the potential role of allelopathy in plant interference and in the successful invasion of alien species Solidago canadensis, aqueous and ethanolic extracts from rhizomes, stems and leaves of S.

canadensis were prepared and used as treatment solutions to assess their effects on seed germination and seedling growth in four target species, mulberry (Morus alba); morning Cited by: Solidago canadensis scabra is a PERENNIAL growing to m (6ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in).

It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower from August to September, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils.

Solidago. Solidago canadensis L. Solidago canadensis L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Solidago (family Compositae).

The record derives from TICA (data supplied on ) which reports it as an accepted name (record BDEBAE34D7DA8EC) with original publication details: Sp. Potential allelopathic effects of an invasive species Solidago canadensis on the mycorrhizae of native plant species Article in Allelopathy Journal 20(1) July with Reads.

Solidago canadensis is a perennial herb, 25 cm to 2 m tall, stem hairy above, usually smooth below; extensively colonial from rhizomes (no basal rosette), often forming large stands; rhizome connections between stems last from years before disintegrating but disintegration occurs the first season between stems infested by gall insects (Howe, et al., ), winter stems and flower heads.

Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes.

While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Allelopathic effects of invasive Solidago canadensis L.

on germination and growth of native Chinese plant species Article in Allelopathy Journal 19(1) January with Reads. Joao Sarkis Yunes, in Cyanobacteria, Allelopathy With Other Algae. Allelopathy is a biological phenomenon by which an organism produces one or more biochemicals that influence the germination, growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms from the same community.

These allelochemicals can have beneficial (probioses) or detrimental (antibiosis) effects on the target. clonal replicates of a perennial herb, Solidago canadensis var.

scabra growing in different competitive environments. I ask whether clones differ in survival, reproduction and size under field conditions and whether clones respond dif- ferently to low and high levels of diffuse competition, i.e.

Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. canadensis is distinguished by having mid to upperl stems glabrous or sparsely hairy; stems in the inflorescence are hairy (Semple & Cook FNA). The variety occurs in old fields, pastures, disturbed ground, roadsides and open woods from southeastern Manitoba to Nova Scotia south to Iowa and Virginia.

The phytotoxic potential of Solidago canadensis on local plant species was studied in a growth chamber. Ethanol extracts (50 g fresh root and rhizome extracted with ml 75% ethanol) were prepared and dilutions atand (w/w) of each extract were used for testing seed germination and seedling growth of 11 local species (Trifolium repens, T.

pratense, Medicago lupulina, Lolium Cited by: The term allelopathy is from the Greek-derived compounds allelo and pathy (meaning “mutual harm” or “suffering”) and was first used in by Austrian scientist Hans Molisch in the book Der Einfluss einer Pflanze auf die andere - Allelopathie (The Effect of Plants on Each Other) (Willis ).

First widely studied in forestry systems File Size: KB. Introduction. Allelopathy is a sub-discipline of chemical ecology that is concerned with the effects of chemicals produced by plants or microorganisms on the growth, development and distribution of other plants and microorganisms in natural communities or agricultural systems (Einhellig, ).The study of allelopathy increased in the s and has undergone rapid development since the mid Cited by: Solidago canadensis is a PERENNIAL growing to m (6ft) by 1 m (3ft 3in) at a medium rate.

It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. It is in flower from August to October, and the seeds ripen from September to October. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile. It is noted for attracting wildlife.

Solidago canadensis L. is an invasive allelopathic weed in many crops and weeds, however, the mode of release of its allelochemicals are not clear. We studied 4-pathways of allelochemicals release: volatiles, leachates from stems and leaves, root exudation and decomposition of its residue.

ORIGINAL ARTICLE Allelopathic effects of the extracts from an invasive species Solidago canadensis L. on Microcystis aeruginosa Y. Huang1, Y. Bai1, Y.

Wang2 and H. Kong1 1 School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, ChinaCited by:   Introduction.

Solidago canadensis s.l. (Canada goldenrod) is an exceptionally successful worldwide invader of North American origin (Semple & Cook ) that has to date conquered Europe, large parts of Asia, Australia and New Zealand (Weber ; Lu et al.

).However, the traits enabling the species to successfully establish in natural ecosystems around the world and dominate Cited by:   Canada Goldenrod - a member of the Asteraceae family.

Quit Your Job and Farm - PART 1 - 10 Small Farm Ideas, from Organic Farming to Chickens & Goats. c, var. salebrosa (Piper) M. Jones Solidago canadensis var. scarbra T. & G. Solidago canadensis var. hargeri Fern.

Taxonomy within the genus Solidago is complicated due to great intraspecific variation and geographic clines in characteristics [ 38 ]. Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This is a herbaceous perennial plant with a central stem that is ' tall.

Because of the wide distribution and the existence of several varieties, there is significant variability in the characteristics of local ecotypes. Harger's Canada Goldenrod Solidago canadensis var. hargeri Fernald is distinguished by its lower to mid stems being moderately hairy (Semple & Cook FNA).

The variety could be confused with S. altissima. Semple et al. () noted the difficulties in distinguishing var. hargeri and diploid S. altissima var.

gilvocanescens. Solidago canadensis is a noxious invasive forb worldwide, including Europe, Asia, Australia, and Africa (Weber, ), its growth is strongly dependent on soil microbes (Jin et al., ; Sun and He, ) and its competitive ability varies with soil nutrients (Wan et al., ), and it has a competitive advantage over native plants in some Cited by: 2.

The allelopathy of the exotic invasive plant, Solidago canadensis L. was studied. canadensis leaves were extracted with water and partitioned against ethyl acetate and n-butanol sequentially. The two organic fractions, original water extract and the residual water after the organic solvent extraction were tested for inhibitory activity on seed germination and seedling growth of wheat Author: Shu Lin Li, Zhao Hui Li, Ya Fei Wang, Xiao Ruan, Cun De Pan, Qiang Wang.

This study investigated allelopathic effects of Solidago canadensis L. on Microcystis results showed that S.

canadensis L. extracts could significantly inhibit the growth of M. inhibition ratios of samples with 03 and 05 g l −1 extracts were over 90% after 7 days, and the transmission electron microscopy images showed the damage of M.

aeruginosa cells during Cited by:   Do allelopathic compounds in invasive Solidago canadensis s.l. restrain the native European supporting the allelopathy hypothesis.

the species least affected by the presence of S. canadensis and with no response to the activated carbon treatment is the only species used in this experiment reported to grow within Solidago stands in Cited by:   Abstract.

The Canada goldenrod Solidago canadensis L. is a rhizomatous, patch-forming herbaceous perennial plant in the family Asteraceae. It was introduced into China in In addition to its prolific vegetative propagation, S. canadensis releases chemicals that inhibit the growth, germination and survival of native plants, and change the soil composition by diverting nutrients and : Fengjuan Zhang, Fanghao Wan.

These are var. hargeri Fernald. Typical var. canadensis has the undersides of the leaves glabrous or at most puberulent on the principal veins, and is glabrous on the lower half of the stem; it is found almost entirely in parts of the state other than the southeastern region.Solidago candensis is the most common and abundant goldenrod species in Wisconsin.

Stems are often 3 to 4 feet tall with a roughly pyrimidal shaped inflorescence at the tip, comprised of numerous small, yellow flower heads. Each head is made up of several small yellow flowers surrounded by a series of overlapping bracts (called phyllaries, the phyllaries collectively known as an involucre).

By Tad M. Zebryk and C. Spencer, Published on 07/30/01Author: Tad M. Zebryk, C. Spencer.